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Area Rug Glossary

Types of Rug Weaves

Cut Pile: these are rugs with tufts that have been looped

Flat-Woven: these rugs only have welt and warp threads, resulting in no pile. They are often reversible rugs and a pad will need to be placed underneath them to prevent slipping.

Hand-Knotted: these are made by tying thousands of knots to the vertical threads on a loom, and they are then secured by the horizontal threads

Hand-Tufted: these rugs are tufted by hand instead of by a machine of any kind

Hand-Woven: these are woven by hand

Looped or Hooked Pile: these rugs have the tufts left in place

Tufted: these are made by pushing yarn through a mesh material with a needle

Rug Materials

Abaca: made from the leaves of a banana plant.

Acrylic: a synthetic material

Art silk: artificial silk made from Rayon materials

Bamboo rugs: made from weaving natural bamboo fibers

Braided rugs: tape, tubular, yarn, or flat braided rugs made from a variety of materials

Canvas: cotton rug made from spun yarn

Coir: made from coconut husks that are woven

Cotton: made from fibers from a cotton plant

Hemp: natural fiber made from stalks of cannabis plant

Jute: made from corchorus herb stalks

Mohair or cashmere: made from the woven furs of goats

New Zealand wool: made from sheep's wool from New Zealand

Nylon: synthetic material that is very soil-resistant

Polyester: a synthetic fiber

Polypropylene: synthetic material also known as olefin

Seagrass: made from the stems of marsh plants

Silk: natural material found in nature that is created from silkworms and caterpillars

Sisal: made from agave leaves

Synthetic fibers: man-made materials used to make rugs, clothes, blankets, and other fabrics

Tibetan wool: wool taken from sheep in Tibet

Wool: most common material used to make rugs, comes from sheep fur